• From:DARPA 50th Anniversary Gallery

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    • Advanced Short Takeoff /Vertical Landing

      By
      Graham Warwick
      Studies of a supersonic advanced short takeoff and vertical landing (ASTOVL) successor to the AV-8 Harrier began in 1983 as a joint U.S.-U.K. program. The ASTOVL program identified the shaft-driven lift fan as a promising approach, and ultimately led to Lockheed Martin's X-35 Joint Strike Fighter concept demonstrator, which in 2001 became the first aircraft to perform a short takeoff, supersonic dash and vertical landing on the same flight. (Photo: Lockheed Martin)

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