Some projects will be carried out by the High Value Manufacturing Catapult center, which was opened in 2011 and brings together seven institutions to support U.K. industry in the commercialization of new technologies. The Catapult focuses on R&D in areas such as advanced composites and metallics manufacturing for transport systems and satellite applications. Member institutions include the National Composites Center (NCC) at the University of Bristol.
The NCC was set up in 2009 with £25 million in government investment from the BIS/TSB and U.K. and European regional development funds. Ongoing operations are funded through a mix of industrial membership subscriptions, commercial contract work and U.K. and European R&D projects. The NCC is working on composites design and structural analysis, modelling and simulation, as well as automation and robotics.
The ATI is a national effort, and will be in addition to U.K. industry participation in European Commission-funded R&D such as Clean Sky and its planned follow-on Clean Sky 2. Aimed at reducing the environmental impact of civil aviation, Clean Sky is a €1.6 billion program funded 50:50 by the EC and industry and running from 2008 to 2017. Clean Sky 2 is planned to start in 2014 and run to 2020, with a proposed budget of €3.6 billion.
Like the European programs, the ATI initiative will be aimed at meeting environmental goals established by the Advisory Council for Aviation Research and Innovation in Europe (Acare). The Vision 2020 goals set by Acare include reducing carbon dioxide emissions and noise by 50%, and nitrogen oxides by 80%, relative to levels in 2000. The longer-term Flightpath 2050 goals call for reductions of 75% in CO2, 90% in NOx and 65% in noise.