BUSINESS MODEL PERFORMANCE
Economic Profit measures value created in excess of the aggregate of required returns to company investors (including shareholders and lenders).
The Top-Performing Companies methodologies were developed and implemented by Michael K. Lowry, who was project manager for this study. Lowry is a former senior executive at aerospace and airlines companies and an equity analyst.
Raw information for TPC results was provided by database vendor Standard & Poor's (which, like AW&ST, is a division of McGraw Hill Financial).